КАТОЛИЦЬКІ МІСІОНЕРИ В ІМПЕРІЇ МОНГОЛІВ (ХІІІ–XIV СТ.)

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.sidebar##

  Р. Хаутала

Анотація

У досліджені розглядається розвиток католицької місіонерської діяльності в імперії монголів у ХІІІ–XIV сторіччях, яка була частиною конфесійної мозаїки Великої Монгольської імперії. Католицтво було одною з конфесій, які змагалися за домінування у наверненні монголів. Стаття враховує новітні досягнення західних та російських досліджень, увага в ній сфокусована на центральних аргументах, що стосуються як інформації про масштаби поширення католицького апостолату на Сході, так і методів проповідування Євангелія серед кочівників.

Як цитувати

Хаутала, Р. (2022). КАТОЛИЦЬКІ МІСІОНЕРИ В ІМПЕРІЇ МОНГОЛІВ (ХІІІ–XIV СТ.). Східний світ, (2-3), 74-80. https://doi.org/10.15407/orientw2013.02.074
Переглядів статті: 15 | Завантажень PDF: 5

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Ключові слова

імперія монголів, Католицькі місіонери, католицький апостолат, кочівники

Посилання

Аннинский С. А. Известия венгерских миссионеров ХIII–ХIV вв. о татарах и Восточной Европе // Исторический Архив. Т. 3. Москва – Ленинград, 1940.

Варваровский Ю. Е. Улус Джучи в 60–70-е годы XIV века. Казань, 2008.

Васильев Д. В. Ислам в Золотой Орде. Историко-археологическое исследование. Астрахань, 2007.

Егоров В. Л. Историческая география Золотой Орды в XIII–XIV вв. Москва, 1985.

Костюков В. П. Буддизм в культуре Золотой Орды // Тюркологический сборник 2007–2008: История и культура тюркских народов России и сопредельных стран. Москва, 2009.

Малышев А. Б. Сообщение анонимного минорита о миссионерских пунктах францисканцев в Золотой Орде в XIV в. // Археология Восточно-Европейской степи. Вып. 4. Саратов, 2006.

Стоянов В. Codex Cumanicus: история изучения // Материалы по истории, археологии и этнографии Таврии. Вып. 10. Симферополь, 2003.

Тизенгаузен В. Г. Сборник материалов, относящихся к истории Золотой Орды. Т. 1. Извлечения из сочинений арабских. Санкт-Петербург, 1884.

Acta Innocentii P.P. IV (1243–54) e regestis vaticanis aliisque fontibus collegerunt notisque adornarunt // Fontes. Pontificia commissio ad redigendum codicem juris canonici orientalis. Series III. Vol. IV/1 / T. T. Haluscynskyj; M. M. Wojnar (eds.). Romae, 1960–1966.

Acta Joannis XXII (1317–1334) e regestis vaticanis aliisque fontibus collegerunt notisque adornarunt // Fontes. Pontificia commissio ad redigendum codicem juris canonici orientalis. Series III. Vol. VII/2 / A. L. Tăutu (ed.). Romae, 1966.

Acta romanorum pontificum ab Innocentio V ad Benedictum XI (1276–1304) // Fontes. Pontificia commissio ad redigendum codicem juris canonici orientalis. Series III. Vol. V/2 / F. Delorme; A. L. Tăutu (eds.). Romae, 1954.

Acta Urbani IV, Clementis IV, Gregorii X (1261–1276) e regestis vaticanis aliisque fontibus collegerunt notisque adornarunt // Fontes. Pontificia commissio ad redigendum codicem juris canonici orientalis. Series III. Vol. V/1 / A. L. Tăutu (ed.). Romae, 1953.

Amitai R. The Mongols in the Islamic Lands: Studies in the History of the Ilkhanate. Aldershot, UK; Burlington, VT, 2007.

Analecta Franciscana: sive chronica aliaque varia documenta ad historiam Fratrum minorum spectantia. Vol. IV. Quaracchi, Firenze, 1906.

Annales Ecclesiastici ab anno MCXCVIII ubi Card. Baronius desinit / O. Rinaldi (ed.). Roma, 1644–1656.

Bullarium Ordinis FF. Praedicatorum. Vol. II. Ab Anno 1281 ad 1430 / T. Ripoll; A. Brémond (eds.). Romae, 1730.

Codex Cumanicus / P. B. Golden (ed.) // Carrie: A Full Text Electronic Library. – http://vlib.iue.it/carrie/texts/carrie_books/paksoy-2/cam2.html

Daniel E. R. The Franciscan Concept of Mission in the High Middle Ages. Lexington, 1975.

Dashdondog B. The Mongols and the Armenians (1220–1335). Leiden; Boston, MA, 2011. https://doi.org/10.26530/OAPEN_627428

DeWeese D. The Influence of the Mongols on the Religious Consciousness of Thirteenth Century Europe // Mongolian Studies, № 5. Bloomington, IN, 1978–1979.

DeWeese D. A. Islamization and Native Religion in the Golden Horde. Baba Tūkles and Conversion to Islam in Historical and Epic Tradition. University Park, PA, 1994.

DeWeese D. A. Islamization in the Mongol Empire // The Cambridge History of Inner Asia. The Chinggisid Age. Cambridge, UK; New York, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139056045.010

Epistolae saeculi XIII regestis pontificum romanorum selectae / C. Rodenberg (ed.). München, 1982.

Giovanni di Pian di Carpine. Storia dei Mongoli / P. Daffinà; C. Leopardi; M. C. Lungarotti; E. Menestò; L. Petech (eds.). Spoleto, 1989.

Golubovich G. Biblioteca bio-bibliografica della Terra santa e dell’Oriente francescano. Quaracchi, Firenze, 1906–1927.

Guglielmo di Rubruk. Viaggio in Mongolia (Itinerarium) / P. Chiesa (ed.). Torino, 2011.

Hertsen J. A. Aquinas’s Philosophy in Its Historical Setting // The Cambridge Companion to Aquinas. Cambridge, UK; New York, 1995.

Hillgarth J. N. Ramon Lull and Lullism in Fourteenth-Century France. Oxford, 1971.

Jackson P. Mongols and the Faith of the Conquered // Mongols, Turks, and Others. Eurasian Nomads and the Sedentary World. Leiden; Boston, MA, 2005a.

Jackson P. The Mongols and the West, 1221–1410. Harlow, UK, 2005b.

Krawulsky D. The Mongol Ilkhans and their Vizier Rashi ad al-Din. Frankfurt am Main, 2011.

Marino Sanudo Torsello. Book of the Secrets of the Faithful of the Cross = Liber secretorum fidelium crucis / P. Lock (ed.). Burlington, VT, 2011.

Matthaeus Parisiensis. Chronica majora / H. R. Luard (ed.). London, 1872–1873.

McInerny R. Ethics // The Cambridge Companion to Aquinas. Cambridge, UK; New York, 1995.

Melloni A. Innocenzo IV: La concezione e l’esperienza della Cristianità come Regimen Unius Personae. Genova, 1990.

Melville C. Padshah-i Islam: Тhe Conversion of Sultan Mahmud Ghazan Khan // Pembroke Papers. Vol. 1. Cambridge, England, 1990.

Monumenta Franciscana. Vol. I. Thomæ de Eccleston Liber de adventu Minorum in Angliam. Adami de Marisco Epistolæ. Prima fundatio Fratrum minorum Londoniæ. Appendix of original documents / J. S. Brewer (ed.). London, 1858.

Moule A. C. Textus duarum epistolarum Fr. Minorum Tartarie Aquilonaris an. 1323 // Archivum Franciscanum Historicum, № 16/1–2. Quaracchi, Firenze, 1923.

Muldoon J. The Nature of the Infidel: The Anthropology of the Canon Lawyers // Travellers, Intellectuals, and the World beyond Medieval Europe. Farnham, UK; Burlington, VT, 2010.

Pfeiffer J. Reflections on a ‘Double Rapprochement’: Conversion to Islam among the Mongol Elite during the Early Ilkhanate // Beyond the Legacy of Genghis Khan. Leiden; Boston, MA, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1163/9789047418573_022

Richard J. Le discours missionnaire: l’exposition de la foi chrétienne dans les lettres des papes aux Mongols // Prédication et propagande au Moyen Age: Islam, Byzance, Occident: Penn-Paris-Dumbarton Oaks Colloquia, III, session des 20–25 octobre 1980. Paris, 1983.

Richard J. La Papauté et les missions d’Orient au Moyen Age (XIIIe–XVe siècles). Rome, 1998.

Richard J. Au-delà de la Perse et de l’Arménie. L’Orient latin et la découverte de l’Asie intérieure. Quelques textes inégalement connus aux origines de l’alliance entre Francs et Mongols, 1145–1262. Turnhout, Belgium, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1484/M.MMA-EB.5.106104

Ricoldo da Montecroce. Libellus fratris Ricoldi ad nationes orientales / A. Dondaine. Ricoldiana. Notes sur les œuvres de Ricoldo da Montecroce // Archivum Fratrum Praedicatorum. Vol. 37. Romae, 1967.

Roberg B. Die Tartarem auf dem 2. Konzil von Lyon 1274 // Annuarium historiae conciliorum; internationale Zeitschrift fur Konziliengeschichtsforschung. Vol. 5. Paderborn, Germania, 1973.

Roger Bacon. Opus majus / J. H. Bridges (ed.). London, 1897–1900.

Röhricht R. Lettres de Ricoldo de Monte-Croce // Archives de l’Orient latin. Vol. 2. Paris, 1884.

Ryan J. D. Nicholas IV and the Evolution of the Eastern Missionary Effort // Archivum Historiae Pontificiae. Vol. 19. Romae, 1981.

Salimbene di Adam. Cronaca / C. S. Nobili (ed.). Roma, 2002.

Schmieder F. Tartarus valde sapiens et eruditus in philosophia. La langue des missionnaires en Asie // L’étranger au Moyen Age: XXXe Congrès de la SHMES, (Gottingen, juin 1999). Paris, 2000. https://doi.org/10.4000/books.psorbonne.21379

Soranzo G. Il Papato, l’Europa cristiana e i Tartari. Milano, 1930.

Thompson A. From Texts to Preaching: Retrieving the Medieval Sermon as an Event // Preacher, Sermon and Audience in the Middle Ages. Leiden, the Netherlands, 2002.

Tolan J. V. Saracens. Islam in the Medieval European Imagination. New York, 2002.

Van den Wyngaert A. Sinica Franciscana. Vol. I. Itinera et relationes fratrum minorum saeculi XIII et XIV. Quaracchi, Firenze, 1929.

Vincentius Bellovacensis. Speculum historiale / J. Mentelin (ed.). Strasbourg, 1473.

Vose R. Dominicans, Muslims and Jews in the Medieval Crown of Aragon. Cambridge, UK; New York, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511581595

William of Adam. How to Defeat the Saracens = Guillelmus Ade. Tractatus quomodo Sarraceni sunt expugnandi / G. Constable; R. Chakravarti; O. R. Constable; T. Kolbaba (eds.). Washington, D.C., 2012.

REFERENCES

Anninskiy S. A. (1940), “Izvestiya vengerskikh missionerov XIII–XIV vv. o tatarakh i Vostochnoy Evrope”, in Istoricheskiy Arkhiv, Vol. 3, Moscow and Leningrad. (In Russian).

Varvarovskiy Yu. E. (2008), Ulus Dzhuchi v 60–70-e gody XIV veka. Kazan. (In Russian).

Vasil’yev D. V. (2007), Islam v Zolotoy Orde. Istoriko-arkheologicheskoye issledovaniye, Astrakhan. (In Russian).

Egorov V. L. (1985), Istoricheskaya geografiya Zolotoy Ordy v XIII–XIV vv., Moscow. (In Russian).

Kostyukov V. P. (2009), “Buddizm v kul’ture Zolotoy Ordy”, in Tyurkologicheskiy sbornik 2007–2008: Istoriya i kul’tura tyurkskikh narodov Rossii i sopredel’nykh stran, Moscow. (In Russian).

Malyshev A. B. (2006), “Soobshcheniye anonimnogo minorita o missionerskikh punktakh frantsiskantsev v Zolotoy Orde v XIV v.”, in Arkheologiya Vostochno-Evropeyskoy stepi, Issue 4, Saratov. (In Russian).

Stoyanov V. (2003), “Codex Cumanicus: istoriya izucheniya”, in Materialy po istorii, arkheologii i etnografii Tavrii, Issue 10, Simferopol. (In Russian).

Tizengauzen V. G. (1884), Sbornik materialov, otnosyashchikhsya k istorii Zolotoy Ordy, Vol. 1: Izvlecheniya iz sochineniy arabskikh, Saint Petersburg. (In Russian).

Acta Innocentii P.P. IV (1243–54) e regestis vaticanis aliisque fontibus collegerunt notisque adornarunt (1960–1966), Fontes. Pontificia commissio ad redigendum codicem juris canonici orientalis, Series III, Vol. IV/1, T. T. Haluscynskyj and M. M. Wojnar (eds), Romae.

Acta Joannis XXII (1317–1334) e regestis vaticanis aliisque fontibus collegerunt notisque adornarunt (1966), Fontes. Pontificia commissio ad redigendum codicem juris canonici orientalis, Series III, Vol. VII/2, A. L. Tăutu (ed.), Romae.

Acta romanorum pontificum ab Innocentio V ad Benedictum XI (1276–1304) (1954), Fontes. Pontificia commissio ad redigendum codicem juris canonici orientalis, Series III, Vol. V/2, F. Delorme and A. L. Tăutu (eds), Romae.

Acta Urbani IV, Clementis IV, Gregorii X (1261–1276) e regestis vaticanis aliisque fontibus collegerunt notisque adornarunt (1953), Fontes, Romae.

Amitai R. (2007), The Mongols in the Islamic Lands: Studies in the History of the Ilkhanate, Aldershot, UK, Burlington, VT.

Analecta Franciscana: sive chronica aliaque varia documenta ad historiam Fratrum minorum spectantia (1906), Vol. IV, Quaracchi, Firenze.

Annales Ecclesiastici ab anno MCXCVIII ubi Card. Baronius desinit (1644–1656), O. Rinaldi (ed.), Roma.

Bullarium Ordinis FF. Praedicatorum (1730), Vol. II, Ab Anno 1281 ad 1430, T. Ripoll and A. Brémond (eds), Romae.

Codex Cumanicus, P. B. Golden (Ed.), in Carrie: A Full Text Electronic Library, available at: http://vlib.iue.it/carrie/texts/carrie_books/paksoy-2/cam2.html

Daniel E. R. (1975), The Franciscan Concept of Mission in the High Middle Ages, Lexington.

Dashdondog B. (2011), The Mongols and the Armenians (1220–1335), Leiden, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.26530/OAPEN_627428

DeWeese D. (1978–1979), “The Influence of the Mongols on the Religious Consciousness of Thirteenth Century Europe”, in Mongolian Studies, No. 5, Bloomington, IN.

DeWeese D. A. (1994), Islamization and Native Religion in the Golden Horde. Baba Tūkles and Conversion to Islam in Historical and Epic Tradition, University Park, PA.

DeWeese D. A. (2009), “Islamization in the Mongol Empire”, in The Cambridge History of Inner Asia. The Chinggisid Age, Cambridge, UK, New York. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139056045.010

Epistolae saeculi XIII regestis pontificum romanorum selectee (1982), Rodenberg C. (ed.), München.

Giovanni di Pian di Carpine (1989), Storia dei Mongoli, P. Daffinà, C. Leopardi, M. C. Lungarotti, E. Menestò, L. Petech (eds), Spoleto.

Golubovich G. (1906–1927), Biblioteca bio-bibliografica della Terra santa e dell’Oriente francescano, Quaracchi, Firenze.

Guglielmo di Rubruk (2011), Viaggio in Mongolia (Itinerarium), P. Chiesa (ed.), Torino.

Hertsen J. A. (1995), “Aquinas’s Philosophy in Its Historical Setting”, in The Cambridge Companion to Aquinas, Cambridge, UK, New York.

Hillgarth J. N. (1971), Ramon Lull and Lullism in Fourteenth-Century France, Oxford.

Jackson P. (2005a), “Mongols and the Faith of the Conquered”, in Mongols, Turks, and Others. Eurasian Nomads and the Sedentary World, Leiden, Boston, MA.

Jackson P. (2005b), The Mongols and the West, 1221–1410, Harlow, UK.

Krawulsky D. (2011), The Mongol Ilkhans and their Vizier Rashi ad al-Din, Frankfurt am Main.

Marino Sanudo Torsello (2011), Book of the Secrets of the Faithful of the Cross = Liber secretorum fidelium crucis, P. Lock (ed.), Burlington, VT.

Matthaeus Parisiensis (1872–1873), Chronica majora, H. R. Luard (ed.), London.

McInerny R. (1995), “Ethics”, in The Cambridge Companion to Aquinas, Cambridge, UK, New York.

Melloni A. (1990), Innocenzo IV: La concezione e l’esperienza della Cristianità come Regimen Unius Personae, Genova.

Melville C. (1990), “Padshah-i Islam: Тhe Conversion of Sultan Mahmud Ghazan Khan”, in Pembroke Papers, Vol. 1, Cambridge, England.

Monumenta Franciscana (1858), Vol. I, Thomæ de Eccleston Liber de adventu Minorum in Angliam. Adami de Marisco Epistolæ. Prima fundatio Fratrum minorum Londoniæ. Appendix of original documents, J. S. Brewer (Ed.), London.

Moule A. C. (1923), “Textus duarum epistolarum Fr. Minorum Tartarie Aquilonaris an. 1323”, in Archivum Franciscanum Historicum, No. 16/1–2, Quaracchi, Firenze.

Muldoon J. (2010), “The Nature of the Infidel: The Anthropology of the Canon Lawyers”, in Travellers, Intellectuals, and the World beyond Medieval Europe, Farnham, UK, Burlington, VT.

Pfeiffer J. (2006), “Reflections on a ‘Double Rapprochement’: Conversion to Islam among the Mongol Elite during the Early Ilkhanate”, in Beyond the Legacy of Genghis Khan, Leiden, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1163/9789047418573_022

Richard J. (1983), “Le discours missionnaire: l’exposition de la foi chrétienne dans les lettres des papes aux Mongols”, in Prédication et propagande au Moyen Age: Islam, Byzance, Occident: Penn-Paris-Dumbarton Oaks Colloquia, III, session des 20–25 octobre 1980, Paris.

Richard J. (1998), La Papauté et les missions d’Orient au Moyen Age (XIIIe–XVe siècles), Rome.

Richard J. (2005), Au-delà de la Perse et de l’Arménie. L’Orient latin et la découverte de l’Asie intérieure. Quelques textes inégalement connus aux origines de l’alliance entre Francs et Mongols, 1145–1262, Turnhout, Belgium. https://doi.org/10.1484/M.MMA-EB.5.106104

Ricoldo da Montecroce (1967), “Libellus fratris Ricoldi ad nationes orientales”, A. Dondaine. Ricoldiana. Notes sur les œuvres de Ricoldo da Montecroce, in Archivum Fratrum Praedicatorum, Vol. 37, Romae.

Roberg B. (1973), “Die Tartarem auf dem 2. Konzil von Lyon 1274”, in Annuarium historiae conciliorum; internationale Zeitschrift fur Konziliengeschichtsforschung, Vol. 5, Paderborn, Germania.

Roger Bacon (1897–1900), Opus majus, J. H. Bridges (Ed.), London.

Röhricht R. (1884), “Lettres de Ricoldo de Monte-Croce”, in Archives de l’Orient latin, Vol. 2, Paris.

Ryan J. D. (1981), “Nicholas IV and the Evolution of the Eastern Missionary Effort”, in Archivum Historiae Pontificiae, Vol. 19, Romae.

Salimbene di Adam (2002), Cronaca, C. S. Nobili (Ed.), Roma.

Schmieder F. (2000), “Tartarus valde sapiens et eruditus in philosophia. La langue des missionnaires en Asie”, in L’étranger au Moyen Age: XXXe Congrès de la SHMES, (Gottingen, juin 1999), Paris. https://doi.org/10.4000/books.psorbonne.21379

Soranzo G. (1930), Il Papato, l’Europa cristiana e i Tartari, Milano.

Thompson A. (2002), “From Texts to Preaching: Retrieving the Medieval Sermon as an Event”, in Preacher, Sermon and Audience in the Middle Ages, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Tolan J. V. (2002), Saracens. Islam in the Medieval European Imagination, New York.

Van den Wyngaert A. (1929), Sinica Franciscana, Vol. I, Itinera et relationes fratrum minorum saeculi XIII et XIV, Quaracchi, Firenze.

Vincentius Bellovacensis (1473), Speculum historiale, J. Mentelin (ed.), Strasbourg.

Vose R. (2009), Dominicans, Muslims and Jews in the Medieval Crown of Aragon, Cambridge, UK, New York. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511581595

William of Adam (2012), How to Defeat the Saracens = Guillelmus Ade, Tractatus quomodo Sarraceni sunt expugnandi, G. Constable, R. Chakravarti, O. R. Constable and T. Kolbaba (eds), Washington, D.C.