Китайсько-іранські відносини в тіні США: часткова співпраця і часткова відстороненість (від 1979 р. до сьогодні)

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  М. М. Фаларті

  Б. Абдоллахпур

Анотація

Ісламська Республіка Іран продовжує підтримувати глибокі економічні і політичні відносини з Китайською Народною Республікою. Починаючи з 1970-х рр., Китай не тільки налагодив дипломатичні й економічні відносини зі США, а й став їхнім найбільшим торговим партнером. Маючи дипломатичні відносини як із Вашингтоном, так і з Тегераном, а також бувши постійним членом Ради Безпеки ООН, уряд Китаю відкрито відігравав конструктивну роль, із власною метою і намірами, у спробах знову посадити Іран і США за стіл переговорів (як у випадку ядерних переговорів, або Спільного всеосяжного плану дій, у 2015 р.). Ядерна угода 2015 року була особливо важливою, оскільки вона потенційно надавала як Ірану, так і США дипломатичну можливість і платформу для деескалації їхніх розбіжностей, напруженості й ворожнечі. Угода також мала на меті скасування більшості санкцій і бар’єрів у відкритому веденні бізнесу з Іраном і, отже, відкриття прибуткового іранського ринку для Китаю, поміж інших міжнародних гравців. Отже, ми стали свідками тристоронніх відносин між цими трьома країнами, які вплинули на їхні політичні, економічні та дипломатичні амбіції. У пропонованій статті досліджується фактор США у відносинах Китаю та Ірану, щоб висвітлити подвійну політику Китаю щодо Вашингтона і Тегерана. Ми дійшли висновку, що фактор США змушує китайську сторону дотримуватися подвійної політики щодо Ірану, яка обертається навколо часткової співпраці і часткової відстороненості. Водночас Пекін демонструє тенденцію до зближення з Тегераном, щоб надіслати сигнал Вашингтону, що Китай не толеруватиме односторонні дії.

Як цитувати

Фаларті, М. М., & Абдоллахпур, Б. (2023). Китайсько-іранські відносини в тіні США: часткова співпраця і часткова відстороненість (від 1979 р. до сьогодні). Східний світ, (2 (119), 122–136. https://doi.org/10.15407/orientw2023.02.122
Переглядів статті: 188 | Завантажень PDF: 230

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Ключові слова

Іран; Китай; США; співпраця; китайсько-американські відносини; китайсько-іранські відносини

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