Ініціатива Китаю “Один пояс – один шлях” між недбалістю Обами і песимізмом Трампа

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  Б. Абдоллахпур

  М. М. Фаларті

  Ф. Ізаді

Анотація

Відтоді як Китайська Народна Республіка започаткувала у 2014 році ініціативу “Один пояс – один шлях” (BRI), її відносини із США увійшли в нову фазу суперництва і викликів у спектрі різноманітних політичних, економічних і безпекових питань і проблем. Для дослідження фактору цієї ініціативи в американсько-китайських відносинах, у статті зіставляються м’яка політика щодо Китаю адміністрації Барака Обами, і її холодна відповідь на “Пояс і шлях”, із жорсткою політикою щодо Китаю адміністрації Дональда Трампа та її песимізмом стосовно цієї ініціативи. Зокрема, досліджуючи та порвнюючи президентство Обами (2009–2017) як демократа та його підхід до започаткування КНР ініціативи “Один пояс – один шлях” у 2014 р., і підхід кандидата від Республіканської партії та президента Трампа (2017–2020), ми спостерігаємо різні позиції, політику і риторику щодо того, як реагувати на неї.

Стаття спирається на реалістичну та ліберальну теоретичні основи, щоб визначити тенденції співпраці та конфронтації в американсько-китайських відносинах, таким чином пропонуючи оцінку того, як США сприймають “Один пояс – один шлях”. Ці два варіанти підходів є показовими для розуміння численних цілей і обґрунтувань внутрішньої та зовнішньої політики загальної реакції США на нещодавнє зростання політичного, соціального і економічного впливу Китаю. У статті стверджується, що хоча Обама і Трамп обидва висловлюються проти ініціативи “Пояс і шлях”, вони представляють два різні варіанти політичних і партійних цілей, підходів і політики щодо цієї ініціативи і Китаю загалом.

Як цитувати

Абдоллахпур, Б., Фаларті, М. М., & Ізаді, Ф. (2022). Ініціатива Китаю “Один пояс – один шлях” між недбалістю Обами і песимізмом Трампа. Східний світ, (3), 138-159. https://doi.org/10.15407/orientw2022.03.138
Переглядів статті: 88 | Завантажень PDF: 57

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Ключові слова

ініціатива “Один пояс – один шлях” (BRI), Китай, американсько-китайські відносини, Барак Обама, Дональд Трамп

Посилання

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