ТРАДИЦІЇ І ТОРГОВЕЛЬНА ДІЯЛЬНІСТЬ В’ЄТНАМЦІВ: ІСТОРИЧНІ ФАКТИ І РОЗУМІННЯ

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  Ван Кім Нгуєн

  Мань Зунг Нгуєн

Анотація

На шляху розвитку в’єтнамської історії та народу економічна діяльність, у тому числі зовнішня торгівля, відігравала важливу роль. У рамках об’єднаної країни представники культур Донгшон, Шахуїнь, Ок’ео... вже з самого початку мали широкі відносини із зовнішнім світом. Крім того, як жителі півострівної країни, розташованої на одному з основних напрямків системи морської торгівлі в Азії, на кордоні з країнами Південно-Східної Азії і великими ринками, в’єтнамці брали участь у різних формах взаємообміну в цьому регіоні, по суті зумовлених широким регіональним економічним середовищем із сильним потенціалом. Взагалі кажучи, Південно-Китайське море вважається “Міні-Середземним морем” Південно-Східної Азії. Враховуючи різні літописи і королівські записи, автори статті прагнуть винести на суспільне обговорення альтернативний підхід до минулого В’єтнаму, що ґрунтується на корисних свідченнях щодо морської історії та традицій в’єтнамського народу.

Як цитувати

Нгуєн, В. К., & Нгуєн, М. З. (2022). ТРАДИЦІЇ І ТОРГОВЕЛЬНА ДІЯЛЬНІСТЬ В’ЄТНАМЦІВ: ІСТОРИЧНІ ФАКТИ І РОЗУМІННЯ. Східний світ, (4), 27-49. https://doi.org/10.15407/orientw2013.04.027
Переглядів статті: 17 | Завантажень PDF: 4

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Ключові слова

історичні факти, в’єтнамці, розуміння, торговельна діяльність, традиції

Посилання

Chu Khu Phi. Lĩnh ngoại đại đáp – Thông đạo ngoại di. Documents from Faculty of History, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University. Hanoi. Code 1006B. (In Vietnamese).

Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư. Tập 1. Hà Nội, 1993. (In Vietnamese).

Emperor Le Thanh Tong: A talented politician, A brilliant culturist, A great poet. Hanoi, 1998. (In Vietnamese).

Ha Van Tan. Oc Eo – Internal and External Elements. Hanoi, 1997a. (In Vietnamese).

Ha Van Tan. Theo dấu các văn hoá cổ. Hà Nội, 1997b. (In Vietnamese).

Ha Van Tan, ed. Khảo cổ học Việt Nam. Tập II. Hà Nội, 1999. (In Vietnamese).

Ha Van Tan, ed. Khảo cổ học Việt Nam. 3 tập. Hanoi, 1998–2002. (In Vietnamese).

Ho Xuan Tinh. Cu Lao Cham in “Silk route at sea” // Past & present. No. 76. 2000. (In Vietnamese).

Ho Xuan Tinh. Cu Lao Cham in “Silk route at sea” // Past & present. No. 134 (182). 2003. (In Vietnamese).

Hoàng A. T. Hải cảng miền Đông Bắc và hệ thống thương mại Đàng Ngoài thế kỷ XVII ( Qua các nguồn tư liệu phương Tây) // Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử. Số 369 (Tháng 1/2007). (In Vietnamese).

Hoàng A. T. Hải cảng miền Đông Bắc và hệ thống thương mại Đàng Ngoài thế kỷ XVII (Qua các nguồn tư liệu phương Tây) // Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử. Số 370 (Tháng 2/2007). (In Vietnamese).

Hoang Giap. Vietnamese-Chinese Cultural Exchange: Memorable Issues // Journal of Chinese Studies (Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences), Vol. 3 (19), 1998. (In Vietnamese).

Honda Hiromu, Shimazu Noriki. Vietnamese and Chinese Ceramics Used in the Japanese Tea Ceremony. 1 edition. Oxford University Press, 1993.

Hồng Đức thiện chính thư. Saigon, 1959. (In Vietnamese).

Lê Tắc, An Nam chí lược. Nhà xuất bản Thuận Hóa, 2002. (In Vietnamese).

Le Thanh Tong (1442–1497) – Person and career. VNU Press, 1997.

Lê Xuân Diệm, Đào Linh Côn, and Võ Sĩ Khải. Văn hóa Óc Eo – Những khám phá mới. Hà Nội, 1995. (In Vietnamese).

Li Tana. Boats and boat building techniques in Vietnam at the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century // Past & Present. Vol. 131 (179). 2003. (In Vietnamese).

Li Tana. A View from the Sea: Perspectives on the Northern and Central Vietnamese Coast // Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. Vol. 37, No. 1. 2006. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022463405000433

Man thư. Documents from Faculty of History, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University. Hanoi. (In Vietnamese).

Marr David G. and Milner A. C. (eds). Southeast Asia in the 9th to 14th Centuries / Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. Singapore Press, 1986. https://doi.org/10.1355/9789814377935

Meacham William. Origins and development of the Yueh Coastal Neolithic: a microcosm of culture change on the mainland of East Asia // The Origins of Chinese civilization. Berkeley, 1983.

Momoki Shiro. Dai Viet and the South China Sea Trade from the 10th to the 15th Century // Crossroads: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. Vol. 12, No. 1. 1998.

Nguyen Minh Hang (et al.). Trade over Vietnam – China Border, Hanoi, 2003. (In Vietnamese).

Nguyen Thua Hy. Vietnam from Mid-10th Century to the End of the 14th Century, chapter III, // Nguyen Quang Ngoc (ed.). The Course of Vietnamese History. Hanoi, 2001. (In Vietnamese).

Nguyễn Trãi toàn tập tân biên. Tập II. Hà Nội, 2001. (In Vietnamese).

Nguyen Van Kim. Le Thanh Tong – Life and career through some foreign historians’ comments and evaluations // Japan with Asia – Historical associations and socio-economic changes. VNU Press, 2003. (In Vietnamese).

Nguyen Van Kim. Van Don trading port system through historical, field notes and archeological documents // Archeology. Vol. 4 (142). 2006. (In Vietnamese).

Nguyen Viet, Vu Minh Giang, Nguyen Manh Hung. Navy in the history of resistant wars against invaders. Hanoi, 1983. (In Vietnamese).

Nho Giao o Viet Nam. Hanoi: Social Sciences, 2006. (In Vietnamese).

Pham Quoc Quan, Nguyen Dinh Chien. Gom Hoa Nau Viet Na: Vietnamese Brown Patterned Ceramics. Hanoi, 2005.

Phan Huy Chú. Lịch triều hiến chương loại chí. Tập III. History Publishers, 1961. (In Vietnamese).

Phan Huy Le. Le Thanh Tong (1442–1497) // Going back to the Origin. Vol. II. Hanoi, 1999. (In Vietnamese).

Pietri P. Three little known kinds of sailboats in Indochina sea // Past & Present. Vol. 134 (182). 2003. (In Vietnamese).

Sakurai Yumio. Attempt to Sketch Southeast Asian Historical Structure through the Connection between the Sea and Land // Southeast Asian Research. Vol. 4 (25), 1996. (In Vietnamese).

Solhiem II W. G. New Light on a Forgotten Past // National Geographic. Vol. 139, No. 3. 1971.

Tadao Umesao. Lịch sử nhìn từquan điểm sinh thái học. Hanoi, 2007. (In Vietnamese).

Taylor Keith Weller. The Birth of Vietnam. Berkeley, 1983.

The National Law. Hanoi, 1991. (In Vietnamese).

Toàn thư. Vol. II, Hanoi, 1993. (In Vietnamese).

Toàn thư. Vol. III. Hanoi, 1993. (In Vietnamese).

Toynbee Arnold. Research on the world’s history – An interpreting approach. The Gioi Publishers, 2002. (In Vietnamese).

Tran Trong Kim, A Brief History of Vietnam, Tong hop Publishers, Ho Chi Minh city, 2005.

Vu Huu San. The Gulf of Tonkin – The starting point of marine // Past & Present. Vol. 131 (179), 2003a.

Vu Huu San. The Gulf of Tonkin – The starting point of marine // Past & Present. Vol. 134 (182), 2003b.

Vu Huu San. Summary of our nation’s marine history – Navy and water life activities in the nation’s life. URL: http://e-cadao.com/lichsu/soluoclichsunuoc ta.htm

Vuong Tran Quoc. An Identity of Vietnamese Culture: Adaptability // Vietnamese Culture: Study and Consideration, Hanoi, 2000. (In Vietnamese).

Vuong Tran Quoc. Miles of the country – Areas, People, Vietnamese Conscience. Vol. I. Hue, 2006. (In Vietnamese).

Vu Quynh. Lĩnh Nam chích quái. Hanoi, 1993. (In Vietnamese).

Wang Gungwu. The Nanhai trade: the early history of Chinese trade in the South China Sea. Singapore, 1998.

Wheeler Charles. A Maritime Logic to Vietnamese History? Littoral Society in Hoi An’s Trading World c.1550–1830 // Paper presented at Seascapes, Littoral Cultures, and Trans-Oceanic Exchanges, Library of Congress, Washington D.C., February 12–15, 2003. URL: http://www.historycooperative.org/proceedings/seascapes/wheeler.html

Whitmore John. The Development of Le Government in 15th Century Vietnam. Ph.D. Dissertation. Ithaca, 1968.

Yu Insun. Law and society in seventeenth and eighteenth century Vietnam. (Vietnamese Edition). Hanoi, 1994.

REFERENCES

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Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư (1993), Vol. 1, Social Sciences Publishers, Hà Nội. (In Vietnamese).

Emperor Le Thanh Tong: A talented politician, A brilliant culturist, A great poet (1998), Social Sciences Publishers, Hanoi. (In Vietnamese).

Ha Van Tan (1997a), Oc Eo – Internal and External Elements, Hanoi. (In Vietnamese).

Ha Van Tan (1997b), Theo dấu các văn hoá cổ, NXB Khoa học Xã hội, Hà Nội. (In Vietnamese).

Ha Van Tan, ed. (1999), Khảo cổ học Việt Nam, Tap II, Hà Nội. (In Vietnamese).

Ha Van Tan, ed. (1998–2002), Khảo cổ học Việt Nam, 3 tập, Hanoi. (In Vietnamese).

Ho Xuan Tinh June (2000), “Cu Lao Cham in ‘Silk route at sea’ ”, Past & present, No. 76, pp. 20–23. (In Vietnamese).

Ho Xuan Tinh (2003), “Cu Lao Cham in ‘Silk route at sea’ ”, Past & present, No. 134 (182), pp. 28–29. (In Vietnamese).

Hoàng A. T. (2007a), “Hải cảng miền Đông Bắc và hệ thống thương mại Đàng Ngoài thế kỷ XVII (Qua các nguồn tư liệu phương Tây)”, in Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử, Số 369 (Tháng 1/2007), pp. 54–64. (In Vietnamese).

Hoàng A. T. (2007b), “Hải cảng miền Đông Bắc và hệ thống thương mại Đàng Ngoài thế kỷ XVII (Qua các nguồn tư liệu phương Tây)”, in Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử, Số 370 (Tháng 2/2007), pp. 54–63. (In Vietnamese).

Hoang Giap (1998), “Vietnamese–Chinese Cultural Exchange: Memorable Issues”, in Journal of Chinese Studies (Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences), Vol. 3 (19). (In Vietnamese).

Honda Hiromu and Shimazu Noriki (1993), Vietnamese and Chinese Ceramics Used in the Japanese Tea Ceremony, 1 edition, Oxford University Press. (In Vietnamese).

Hồng Đức thiện chính thư (1959), Nam Ha Publishers, Saigon. (In Vietnamese).

Lê Tắc (2002), An Nam chí lược, Nhà xuất bản Thuận Hóa. (In Vietnamese).

Le Thanh Tong (1442–1497) – Person and career (1997), VNU Press. (In Vietnamese).

Lê Xuân Diệm, Đào Linh Côn, and Võ Sĩ Khải (1995), Văn hóa Óc Eo – Những khám phá mới, Social Sciences Publishing House, Hà Nội. (In Vietnamese).

Li Tana (2003), “Boats and boat building techniques in Vietnam at the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century”, in Past & Present, Vol. 131 (179). (In Vietnamese).

Li Tana (2006), “A View from the Sea: Perspectives on the Northern and Central Vietnamese Coast”, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, Vol. 37, No. 1 pp. 83–102. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022463405000433

Man thư, Documents from Faculty of History, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University, Hanoi. (In Vietnamese).

Marr David G. and Milner A. C. (eds) (1986), Southeast Asia in the 9th to 14th Centuries, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore Press. https://doi.org/10.1355/9789814377935

Meacham William (1983), “Origins and development of the Yueh Coastal Neolithic: a microcosm of culture change on the mainland of East Asia”, in The Origins of Chinese civilization, University of California Press, Berkeley.

Momoki Shiro (1998), “Dai Viet and the South China Sea Trade from the 10th to the 15th Century”, Crossroads: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, Vol. 12, No. 1 pp. 1–34.

Nguyen Minh Hang (et al.) (2003), Trade over Vietnam – China Border, Hanoi. (In Vietnamese).

Nguyen Thua Hy (2001), “Vietnam from Mid-10th Century to the End of the 14th Century, chapter III”, in Nguyen Quang Ngoc (ed.), The Course of Vietnamese History, Education, Hanoi. (In Vietnamese).

Nguyễn Trãi toàn tập tân biên (2001), Tập II, Nhà Xuất Bản Văn Học, Hà Nội. (In Vietnamese).

Nguyen Van Kim (2003), “Le Thanh Tong – Life and career through some foreign historians’ comments and evaluations”, in Japan with Asia – Historical associations and socio-economic changes, VNU Press, pp. 58–74. (In Vietnamese).

Nguyen Van Kim (2006), “Van Don trading port system through historical, field notes and archeological documents”, in Archeology, Vol. 4 (142), pp. 46–65. (In Vietnamese).

Nguyen Viet, Vu Minh Giang and Nguyen Manh Hung (1983), Navy in the history of resistant wars against invaders, Hanoi. (In Vietnamese).

Nho Giao o Viet Nam. Hanoi: Social Sciences, 2006. (In Vietnamese).

Pham Quoc Quan and Nguyen Dinh Chien (2005), Gom Hoa Nau Viet Na: Vietnamese Brown Patterned Ceramics, National Museum of Vietnamese History, Hanoi. (In Vietnamese).

Phan Huy Chú (1961), Lịch triều hiến chương loại chí, Tập III, History Publishers. (In Vietnamese).

Phan Huy Le (1999), “Le Thanh Tong (1442–1497)”, in Going back to the Origin, Vol. II, The Gioi Publishers, Hanoi. (In Vietnamese).

Pietri P. (2003), “Three little known kinds of sailboats in Indochina sea”, in Past & Present, Vol. 134 (182). (In Vietnamese).

Sakurai Yumio (1996), “Attempt to Sketch Southeast Asian Historical Structure through the Connection between the Sea and Land”, in Southeast Asian Research, Vol. 4 (25). (In Vietnamese).

Solhiem II W. G. (1971), “New Light on a Forgotten Past”, National Geographic, Vol. 139, No. 3, pp. 330–339.

Tadao Umesao (2007), Lịch sử nhìn từquan điểm sinh thái học, World Publisher, Hanoi. (In Vietnamese).

Taylor Keith Weller (1983), The Birth of Vietnam, University of California Press, Berkeley.

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Toàn thư (1993b), Vol. III, Social Sciences Publishers, Hanoi. (In Vietnamese).

Toynbee Arnold (2002), Research on the world’s history – An interpreting approach, The Gioi Publishers. (In Vietnamese).

Tran Trong Kim (2005), A Brief History of Vietnam, Tong hop Publishers, Ho Chi Minh city. (In Vietnamese).

Vu Huu San (2003a), “The Gulf of Tonkin – The starting point of marine”, in Past & Present, Vol. 131 (179). (In Vietnamese).

Vu Huu San (2003b), “The Gulf of Tonkin – The starting point of marine”, in Past & Present, Vol. 134 (182). (In Vietnamese).

Vu Huu San, Summary of our nation’s marine history – Navy and water life activities in the nation’s life, available at: URL: http://e-cadao.com/lichsu/soluoclichsunuoc ta.htm (In Vietnamese).

Vu Quynh (1993), Lĩnh Nam chích quái, Hanoi. (In Vietnamese).

Vuong Tran Quoc (2000), “An Identity of Vietnamese Culture: Adaptability”, in Vietnamese Culture: Study and Consideration, Hanoi, pp. 42–43. (In Vietnamese).

Vuong Tran Quoc (2006), Miles of the country – Areas, People, Vietnamese Conscience, Vol. I, Thuan Hoa Publishers, Hue. (In Vietnamese).

Wang Gungwu (1998), The Nanhai trade: the early history of Chinese trade in the South China Sea, Time Academic Press, Singapore.

Wheeler Charles, “A Maritime Logic to Vietnamese History? Littoral Society in Hoi An’s Trading World c.1550–1830”, in Paper presented at Seascapes, Littoral Cultures, and Trans-Oceanic Exchanges, Library of Congress, Washington D.C., February 12–15, 2003, available at: www.historycooperative.org/proceedings/seascapes/wheeler.html

Whitmore John (1968), The Development of Le Government in 15th Century Vietnam, Ph.D. Dissertation, Cornell University, Ithaca.

Yu Insun (1994), Law and society in seventeenth and eighteenth century Vietnam, (Vietnamese Edition), KHXH, Hanoi.